Why we celebrate Martyrs' day on 23 March

In India, 23 March is observed as Martyrs Day. The day is observed to pay tribute to the death anniversary of the freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru, who laid their lives for the freedom of India. The day is also known as Shaheed Diwas or Sarvodaya Day. In addition to the day, 30 January is also observed as Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi.

Why is Martyr’s Day celebrated on 23 March?

On 23 March 1931, three heroes of our nation, Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar were hanged to death by the British. They were hanged to death for assassinating John Saunders, a British police officer in 1928. They had mistaken him for British police superintendent James Scott who had ordered lathi-charge, which eventually led to the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.

They sacrificed their lives for the sake of our nation. For many young Indians, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev have become a source of inspiration.

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